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Docker 安装 PHP

日期:2017-07-24  点击率:79


Docker 安装 PHP
安装 PHP 镜像
方法一、通过 Dockerfile 构建
创建Dockerfile
首先,创建目录php-fpm,用于存放后面的相关东西。
test@test:~$ mkdir -p ~/php-fpm/logs ~/php-fpm/conf
logs目录将映射为php-fpm容器的日志目录
conf目录里的配置文件将映射为php-fpm容器的配置文件
进入创建的php-fpm目录,创建Dockerfile
FROM debian:jessie

# persistent / runtime deps
ENV PHPIZE_DEPS \
autoconf \
file \
g++ \
gcc \
libc-dev \
make \
pkg-config \
re2c
RUN apt-get update && apt-get install -y \
$PHPIZE_DEPS \
ca-certificates \
curl \
libedit2 \
libsqlite3-0 \
libxml2 \
--no-install-recommends && rm -r /var/lib/apt/lists/*

ENV PHP_INI_DIR /usr/local/etc/php
RUN mkdir -p $PHP_INI_DIR/conf.d

##<autogenerated>##
ENV PHP_EXTRA_CONFIGURE_ARGS --enable-fpm --with-fpm-user=www-data --with-fpm-group=www-data
##</autogenerated>##

ENV GPG_KEYS 0BD78B5F97500D450838F95DFE857D9A90D90EC1 6E4F6AB321FDC07F2C332E3AC2BF0BC433CFC8B3

ENV PHP_VERSION 5.6.22
ENV PHP_FILENAME php-5.6.22.tar.xz
ENV PHP_SHA256 c96980d7de1d66c821a4ee5809df0076f925b2fe0b8c362d234d92f2f0a178e2

RUN set -xe \
&& buildDeps=" \
$PHP_EXTRA_BUILD_DEPS \
libcurl4-openssl-dev \
libedit-dev \
libsqlite3-dev \
libssl-dev \
libxml2-dev \
xz-utils \
" \
&& apt-get update && apt-get install -y $buildDeps --no-install-recommends && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/* \
&& curl -fSL "http://php.net/get/$PHP_FILENAME/from/this/mirror" -o "$PHP_FILENAME" \
&& echo "$PHP_SHA256 *$PHP_FILENAME" | sha256sum -c - \
&& curl -fSL "http://php.net/get/$PHP_FILENAME.asc/from/this/mirror" -o "$PHP_FILENAME.asc" \
&& export GNUPGHOME="$(mktemp -d)" \
&& for key in $GPG_KEYS; do \
gpg --keyserver ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-keys "$key"; \
done \
&& gpg --batch --verify "$PHP_FILENAME.asc" "$PHP_FILENAME" \
&& rm -r "$GNUPGHOME" "$PHP_FILENAME.asc" \
&& mkdir -p /usr/src/php \
&& tar -xf "$PHP_FILENAME" -C /usr/src/php --strip-components=1 \
&& rm "$PHP_FILENAME" \
&& cd /usr/src/php \
&& ./configure \
--with-config-file-path="$PHP_INI_DIR" \
--with-config-file-scan-dir="$PHP_INI_DIR/conf.d" \
$PHP_EXTRA_CONFIGURE_ARGS \
--disable-cgi \
# --enable-mysqlnd is included here because it's harder to compile after the fact than extensions are (since it's a plugin for several extensions, not an extension in itself)
--enable-mysqlnd \
# --enable-mbstring is included here because otherwise there's no way to get pecl to use it properly (see https://github.com/docker-library/php/issues/195)
--enable-mbstring \
--with-curl \
--with-libedit \
--with-openssl \
--with-zlib \
&& make -j"$(nproc)" \
&& make install \
&& { find /usr/local/bin /usr/local/sbin -type f -executable -exec strip --strip-all '{}' + || true; } \
&& make clean \
&& apt-get purge -y --auto-remove -o APT::AutoRemove::RecommendsImportant=false -o APT::AutoRemove::SuggestsImportant=false $buildDeps

COPY docker-php-ext-* /usr/local/bin/

##<autogenerated>##
WORKDIR /var/www/html

RUN set -ex \
&& cd /usr/local/etc \
&& if [ -d php-fpm.d ]; then \
# for some reason, upstream's php-fpm.conf.default has "include=NONE/etc/php-fpm.d/*.conf"
sed 's!=NONE/!=!g' php-fpm.conf.default | tee php-fpm.conf > /dev/null; \
cp php-fpm.d/www.conf.default php-fpm.d/www.conf; \
else \
# PHP 5.x don't use "include=" by default, so we'll create our own simple config that mimics PHP 7+ for consistency
mkdir php-fpm.d; \
cp php-fpm.conf.default php-fpm.d/www.conf; \
{ \
echo '[global]'; \
echo 'include=etc/php-fpm.d/*.conf'; \
} | tee php-fpm.conf; \
fi \
&& { \
echo '[global]'; \
echo 'error_log = /proc/self/fd/2'; \
echo; \
echo '[www]'; \
echo '; if we send this to /proc/self/fd/1, it never appears'; \
echo 'access.log = /proc/self/fd/2'; \
echo; \
echo 'clear_env = no'; \
echo; \
echo '; Ensure worker stdout and stderr are sent to the main error log.'; \
echo 'catch_workers_output = yes'; \
} | tee php-fpm.d/docker.conf \
&& { \
echo '[global]'; \
echo 'daemonize = no'; \
echo; \
echo '[www]'; \
echo 'listen = [::]:9000'; \
} | tee php-fpm.d/zz-docker.conf

EXPOSE 9000
CMD ["php-fpm"]
通过Dockerfile创建一个镜像,替换成你自己的名字
test@test:~/php-fpm$ docker build -t php:5.6-fpm .
创建完成后,我们可以在本地的镜像列表里查找到刚刚创建的镜像
test@test:~/php-fpm$ docker images
REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE
php 5.6-fpm 025041cd3aa5 6 days ago 456.3 MB
方法二、docker pull php
查找Docker Hub上的php镜像
test@test:~/php-fpm$ docker search php
NAME DESCRIPTION STARS OFFICIAL AUTOMATED
php While designed for web development, the PH... 1232 [OK]
richarvey/nginx-php-fpm Container running Nginx + PHP-FPM capable ... 207 [OK]
phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin A web interface for MySQL and MariaDB. 123 [OK]
eboraas/apache-php PHP5 on Apache (with SSL support), built o... 69 [OK]
php-zendserver Zend Server - the integrated PHP applicati... 69 [OK]
million12/nginx-php Nginx + PHP-FPM 5.5, 5.6, 7.0 (NG), CentOS... 67 [OK]
webdevops/php-nginx Nginx with PHP-FPM 39 [OK]
webdevops/php-apache Apache with PHP-FPM (based on webdevops/php) 14 [OK]
phpunit/phpunit PHPUnit is a programmer-oriented testing f... 14 [OK]
tetraweb/php PHP 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 7.0 for CI and run... 12 [OK]
webdevops/php PHP (FPM and CLI) service container 10 [OK]
...
这里我们拉取官方的镜像,标签为5.6-fpm
test@test:~/php-fpm$ docker pull php:5.6-fpm
等待下载完成后,我们就可以在本地镜像列表里查到REPOSITORY为php,标签为5.6-fpm的镜像。
使用php-fpm镜像
运行容器
test@test:~/php-fpm$ docker run -p 9000:9000 --name myphp-fpm -v ~/nginx/www:/www -v $PWD/conf:/usr/local/etc/php -v $PWD/logs:/phplogs -d php:5.6-fpm
00c5aa4c2f93ec3486936f45b5f2b450187a9d09acb18f5ac9aa7a5f405dbedf
test@test:~/php-fpm$
命令说明:
-p 9000:9000 :将容器的9000端口映射到主机的9000端口
--name myphp-fpm :将容器命名为myphp-fpm
-v ~/nginx/www:/www :将主机中项目的目录www挂载到容器的/www
-v $PWD/conf:/usr/local/etc/php :将主机中当前目录下的conf目录挂载到容器的/usr/local/etc/php
-v $PWD/logs:/phplogs :将主机中当前目录下的logs目录挂载到容器的/phplogs
查看容器启动情况
test@test:~/php-fpm$ docker ps
CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND ... PORTS NAMES
00c5aa4c2f93 php:5.6-fpm "php-fpm" ... 0.0.0.0:9000->9000/tcp myphp-fpm

此处是通过nginx+php实现web服务,nginx配置文件的fastcgi_pass应该配置为myphp-fpm容器的IP。
fastcgi_pass 172.17.0.4:9000;
容器IP的查方法
docker inspect 容器ID或容器名 |grep '"IPAddress"'






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