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Docker 安装 MongoDB

日期:2017-07-24  点击率:76


Docker 安装 MongoDB
方法一、通过 Dockerfile 构建
创建Dockerfile
首先,创建目录mongo,用于存放后面的相关东西。
test@test:~$ mkdir -p ~/mongo ~/mongo/db
db目录将映射为mongo容器配置的/data/db目录,作为mongo数据的存储目录
进入创建的mongo目录,创建Dockerfile
FROM debian:wheezy

# add our user and group first to make sure their IDs get assigned consistently, regardless of whatever dependencies get added
RUN groupadd -r mongodb && useradd -r -g mongodb mongodb

RUN apt-get update \
&& apt-get install -y --no-install-recommends \
numactl \
&& rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/*

# grab gosu for easy step-down from root
ENV GOSU_VERSION 1.7
RUN set -x \
&& apt-get update && apt-get install -y --no-install-recommends ca-certificates wget && rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/* \
&& wget -O /usr/local/bin/gosu "https://github.com/tianon/gosu/releases/download/$GOSU_VERSION/gosu-$(dpkg --print-architecture)" \
&& wget -O /usr/local/bin/gosu.asc "https://github.com/tianon/gosu/releases/download/$GOSU_VERSION/gosu-$(dpkg --print-architecture).asc" \
&& export GNUPGHOME="$(mktemp -d)" \
&& gpg --keyserver ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-keys B42F6819007F00F88E364FD4036A9C25BF357DD4 \
&& gpg --batch --verify /usr/local/bin/gosu.asc /usr/local/bin/gosu \
&& rm -r "$GNUPGHOME" /usr/local/bin/gosu.asc \
&& chmod +x /usr/local/bin/gosu \
&& gosu nobody true \
&& apt-get purge -y --auto-remove ca-certificates wget

# gpg: key 7F0CEB10: public key "Richard Kreuter <richard@10gen.com>" imported
RUN apt-key adv --keyserver ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net --recv-keys 492EAFE8CD016A07919F1D2B9ECBEC467F0CEB10

ENV MONGO_MAJOR 3.0
ENV MONGO_VERSION 3.0.12

RUN echo "deb http://repo.mongodb.org/apt/debian wheezy/mongodb-org/$MONGO_MAJOR main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mongodb-org.list

RUN set -x \
&& apt-get update \
&& apt-get install -y \
mongodb-org=$MONGO_VERSION \
mongodb-org-server=$MONGO_VERSION \
mongodb-org-shell=$MONGO_VERSION \
mongodb-org-mongos=$MONGO_VERSION \
mongodb-org-tools=$MONGO_VERSION \
&& rm -rf /var/lib/apt/lists/* \
&& rm -rf /var/lib/mongodb \
&& mv /etc/mongod.conf /etc/mongod.conf.orig

RUN mkdir -p /data/db /data/configdb \
&& chown -R mongodb:mongodb /data/db /data/configdb
VOLUME /data/db /data/configdb

COPY docker-entrypoint.sh /entrypoint.sh
ENTRYPOINT ["/entrypoint.sh"]

EXPOSE 27017
CMD ["mongod"]
通过Dockerfile创建一个镜像,替换成你自己的名字
test@test:~/mongo$ docker build -t mongo:3.2 .
创建完成后,我们可以在本地的镜像列表里查找到刚刚创建的镜像
test@test:~/mongo$ docker images mongo:3.2
REPOSITORY TAG IMAGE ID CREATED SIZE
mongo 3.2 282fd552add6 9 days ago 336.1 MB
方法二、docker pull mongo:3.2
查找Docker Hub上的mongo镜像
test@test:~/mongo$ docker search mongo
NAME DESCRIPTION STARS OFFICIAL AUTOMATED
mongo MongoDB document databases ... 1989 [OK]
mongo-express Web-based MongoDB admin int... 22 [OK]
mvertes/alpine-mongo light MongoDB container 19 [OK]
mongooseim/mongooseim-docker MongooseIM server the lates... 9 [OK]
torusware/speedus-mongo Always updated official Mon... 9 [OK]
jacksoncage/mongo Instant MongoDB sharded cluster 6 [OK]
mongoclient/mongoclient Official docker image for M... 4 [OK]
jadsonlourenco/mongo-rocks Percona Mongodb with Rocksd... 4 [OK]
asteris/apache-php-mongo Apache2.4 + PHP + Mongo + m... 2 [OK]
19hz/mongo-container Mongodb replicaset for coreos 1 [OK]
nitra/mongo Mongo3 centos7 1 [OK]
ackee/mongo MongoDB with fixed Bluemix p... 1 [OK]
kobotoolbox/mongo https://github.com/kobotoolb... 1 [OK]
valtlfelipe/mongo Docker Image based on the la... 1 [OK]
这里我们拉取官方的镜像,标签为3.2
test@test:~/mongo$ docker pull mongo:3.2
等待下载完成后,我们就可以在本地镜像列表里查到REPOSITORY为mongo,标签为3.2的镜像。
使用mongo镜像
运行容器
test@test:~/mongo$ docker run -p 27017:27017 -v $PWD/db:/data/db -d mongo:3.2
cda8830cad5fe35e9c4aed037bbd5434b69b19bf2075c8626911e6ebb08cad51
test@test:~/mongo$
命令说明:
-p 27017:27017 :将容器的27017 端口映射到主机的27017 端口
-v $PWD/db:/data/db :将主机中当前目录下的db挂载到容器的/data/db,作为mongo数据存储目录
查看容器启动情况
test@test:~/mongo$ docker ps
CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND ... PORTS NAMES
cda8830cad5f mongo:3.2 "/entrypoint.sh mongo" ... 0.0.0.0:27017->27017/tcp suspicious_goodall
使用mongo镜像执行mongo 命令连接到刚启动的容器,主机IP为172.17.0.1
test@test:~/mongo$ docker run -it mongo:3.2 mongo --host 172.17.0.1
MongoDB shell version: 3.2.7
connecting to: 172.17.0.1:27017/test
Welcome to the MongoDB shell.
For interactive help, type "help".
For more comprehensive documentation, see
http://docs.mongodb.org/
Questions? Try the support group
http://groups.google.com/group/mongodb-user
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